How to read logs

Walk through example

We first create three connections (mempool, consensus and query) to the application (running kvstore locally in this case).

I[10-04|13:54:27.364] Starting multiAppConn                        module=proxy impl=multiAppConn
I[10-04|13:54:27.366] Starting localClient                         module=abci-client connection=query impl=localClient
I[10-04|13:54:27.366] Starting localClient                         module=abci-client connection=mempool impl=localClient
I[10-04|13:54:27.367] Starting localClient                         module=abci-client connection=consensus impl=localClient

Then Tendermint Core and the application perform a handshake.

I[10-04|13:54:27.367] ABCI Handshake                               module=consensus appHeight=90 appHash=E0FBAFBF6FCED8B9786DDFEB1A0D4FA2501BADAD
I[10-04|13:54:27.368] ABCI Replay Blocks                           module=consensus appHeight=90 storeHeight=90 stateHeight=90
I[10-04|13:54:27.368] Completed ABCI Handshake - Tendermint and App are synced module=consensus appHeight=90 appHash=E0FBAFBF6FCED8B9786DDFEB1A0D4FA2501BADAD

After that, we start a few more things like the event switch, reactors, and perform UPNP discover in order to detect the IP address.

I[10-04|13:54:27.374] Starting EventSwitch                         module=types impl=EventSwitch
I[10-04|13:54:27.375] This node is a validator                     module=consensus
I[10-04|13:54:27.379] Starting Node                                module=main impl=Node
I[10-04|13:54:27.381] Local listener                               module=p2p ip=:: port=46656
I[10-04|13:54:27.382] Getting UPNP external address                module=p2p
I[10-04|13:54:30.386] Could not perform UPNP discover              module=p2p err="write udp4 0.0.0.0:38238->239.255.255.250:1900: i/o timeout"
I[10-04|13:54:30.386] Starting DefaultListener                     module=p2p impl=Listener(@10.0.2.15:46656)
I[10-04|13:54:30.387] Starting P2P Switch                          module=p2p impl="P2P Switch"
I[10-04|13:54:30.387] Starting MempoolReactor                      module=mempool impl=MempoolReactor
I[10-04|13:54:30.387] Starting BlockchainReactor                   module=blockchain impl=BlockchainReactor
I[10-04|13:54:30.387] Starting ConsensusReactor                    module=consensus impl=ConsensusReactor
I[10-04|13:54:30.387] ConsensusReactor                             module=consensus fastSync=false
I[10-04|13:54:30.387] Starting ConsensusState                      module=consensus impl=ConsensusState
I[10-04|13:54:30.387] Starting WAL                                 module=consensus wal=/home/vagrant/.tendermint/data/cs.wal/wal impl=WAL
I[10-04|13:54:30.388] Starting TimeoutTicker                       module=consensus impl=TimeoutTicker

Notice the second row where Tendermint Core reports that “This node is a validator”. It also could be just an observer (regular node).

Next we replay all the messages from the WAL.

I[10-04|13:54:30.390] Catchup by replaying consensus messages      module=consensus height=91
I[10-04|13:54:30.390] Replay: New Step                             module=consensus height=91 round=0 step=RoundStepNewHeight
I[10-04|13:54:30.390] Replay: Done                                 module=consensus

“Started node” message signals that everything is ready for work.

I[10-04|13:54:30.391] Starting RPC HTTP server on tcp socket 0.0.0.0:46657 module=rpc-server
I[10-04|13:54:30.392] Started node                                 module=main nodeInfo="NodeInfo{pk: PubKeyEd25519{DF22D7C92C91082324A1312F092AA1DA197FA598DBBFB6526E177003C4D6FD66}, moniker: anonymous, network: test-chain-3MNw2N [remote , listen 10.0.2.15:46656], version: 0.11.0-10f361fc ([wire_version=0.6.2 p2p_version=0.5.0 consensus_version=v1/0.2.2 rpc_version=0.7.0/3 tx_index=on rpc_addr=tcp://0.0.0.0:46657])}"

Next follows a standard block creation cycle, where we enter a new round, propose a block, receive more than 2/3 of prevotes, then precommits and finally have a chance to commit a block. For details, please refer to Consensus Overview or Byzantine Consensus Algorithm.

I[10-04|13:54:30.393] enterNewRound(91/0). Current: 91/0/RoundStepNewHeight module=consensus
I[10-04|13:54:30.393] enterPropose(91/0). Current: 91/0/RoundStepNewRound module=consensus
I[10-04|13:54:30.393] enterPropose: Our turn to propose            module=consensus proposer=125B0E3C5512F5C2B0E1109E31885C4511570C42 privValidator="PrivValidator{125B0E3C5512F5C2B0E1109E31885C4511570C42 LH:90, LR:0, LS:3}"
I[10-04|13:54:30.394] Signed proposal                              module=consensus height=91 round=0 proposal="Proposal{91/0 1:21B79872514F (-1,:0:000000000000) {/10EDEDD7C84E.../}}"
I[10-04|13:54:30.397] Received complete proposal block             module=consensus height=91 hash=F671D562C7B9242900A286E1882EE64E5556FE9E
I[10-04|13:54:30.397] enterPrevote(91/0). Current: 91/0/RoundStepPropose module=consensus
I[10-04|13:54:30.397] enterPrevote: ProposalBlock is valid         module=consensus height=91 round=0
I[10-04|13:54:30.398] Signed and pushed vote                       module=consensus height=91 round=0 vote="Vote{0:125B0E3C5512 91/00/1(Prevote) F671D562C7B9 {/89047FFC21D8.../}}" err=null
I[10-04|13:54:30.401] Added to prevote                             module=consensus vote="Vote{0:125B0E3C5512 91/00/1(Prevote) F671D562C7B9 {/89047FFC21D8.../}}" prevotes="VoteSet{H:91 R:0 T:1 +2/3:F671D562C7B9242900A286E1882EE64E5556FE9E:1:21B79872514F BA{1:X} map[]}"
I[10-04|13:54:30.401] enterPrecommit(91/0). Current: 91/0/RoundStepPrevote module=consensus
I[10-04|13:54:30.401] enterPrecommit: +2/3 prevoted proposal block. Locking module=consensus hash=F671D562C7B9242900A286E1882EE64E5556FE9E
I[10-04|13:54:30.402] Signed and pushed vote                       module=consensus height=91 round=0 vote="Vote{0:125B0E3C5512 91/00/2(Precommit) F671D562C7B9 {/80533478E41A.../}}" err=null
I[10-04|13:54:30.404] Added to precommit                           module=consensus vote="Vote{0:125B0E3C5512 91/00/2(Precommit) F671D562C7B9 {/80533478E41A.../}}" precommits="VoteSet{H:91 R:0 T:2 +2/3:F671D562C7B9242900A286E1882EE64E5556FE9E:1:21B79872514F BA{1:X} map[]}"
I[10-04|13:54:30.404] enterCommit(91/0). Current: 91/0/RoundStepPrecommit module=consensus
I[10-04|13:54:30.405] Finalizing commit of block with 0 txs        module=consensus height=91 hash=F671D562C7B9242900A286E1882EE64E5556FE9E root=E0FBAFBF6FCED8B9786DDFEB1A0D4FA2501BADAD
I[10-04|13:54:30.405] Block{
  Header{
    ChainID:        test-chain-3MNw2N
    Height:         91
    Time:           2017-10-04 13:54:30.393 +0000 UTC
    NumTxs:         0
    LastBlockID:    F15AB8BEF9A6AAB07E457A6E16BC410546AA4DC6:1:D505DA273544
    LastCommit:     56FEF2EFDB8B37E9C6E6D635749DF3169D5F005D
    Data:
    Validators:     CE25FBFF2E10C0D51AA1A07C064A96931BC8B297
    App:            E0FBAFBF6FCED8B9786DDFEB1A0D4FA2501BADAD
  }#F671D562C7B9242900A286E1882EE64E5556FE9E
  Data{

  }#
  Commit{
    BlockID:    F15AB8BEF9A6AAB07E457A6E16BC410546AA4DC6:1:D505DA273544
    Precommits: Vote{0:125B0E3C5512 90/00/2(Precommit) F15AB8BEF9A6 {/FE98E2B956F0.../}}
  }#56FEF2EFDB8B37E9C6E6D635749DF3169D5F005D
}#F671D562C7B9242900A286E1882EE64E5556FE9E module=consensus
I[10-04|13:54:30.408] Executed block                               module=state height=91 validTxs=0 invalidTxs=0
I[10-04|13:54:30.410] Committed state                              module=state height=91 txs=0 hash=E0FBAFBF6FCED8B9786DDFEB1A0D4FA2501BADAD
I[10-04|13:54:30.410] Recheck txs                                  module=mempool numtxs=0 height=91

List of modules

Here is the list of modules you may encounter in Tendermint’s log and a little overview what they do.

  • abci-client As mentioned in Application Development Guide, Tendermint acts as an ABCI client with respect to the application and maintains 3 connections: mempool, consensus and query. The code used by Tendermint Core can be found here.
  • blockchain Provides storage, pool (a group of peers), and reactor for both storing and exchanging blocks between peers.
  • consensus The heart of Tendermint core, which is the implementation of the consensus algorithm. Includes two “submodules”: wal (write-ahead logging) for ensuring data integrity and replay to replay blocks and messages on recovery from a crash.
  • events Simple event notification system. The list of events can be found here. You can subscribe to them by calling subscribe RPC method. Refer to RPC docs for additional information.
  • mempool Mempool module handles all incoming transactions, whenever they are coming from peers or the application.
  • p2p Provides an abstraction around peer-to-peer communication. For more details, please check out the README.
  • rpc Tendermint’s RPC.
  • rpc-server RPC server. For implementation details, please read the README.
  • state Represents the latest state and execution submodule, which executes blocks against the application.
  • types A collection of the publicly exposed types and methods to work with them.